The best fortress which a prince can possess is the affection of his people.

 Niccolò Machiavelli

The Castle Age is the second Age a player may access in Rise of Kings. Historically, the Castle Age is meant to represent the early mediaeval period, and involves the following:
  • The increasing importance of castles and siege warfare.
  • Revival of a mercantile economy, as new contacts with the Middle East and urbanisation take hold.
  • The feudal system increases in influence and begins to dominate society.
  • Organised religion takes hold and begins to play a role in social and cultural development.
  • Infantry, once a neglected part of the army, becomes more powerful as an anti-cavalry force.
  • Naval and siege artillery increase in significance as a decisive factor for your forces.

A good number of factions at this time will become dominant, although it will be said that most Muslim factions will be at their peak, especially the Saracens.

Important technologiesEdit

Castle Age timelineEdit

12th centuryEdit

  • 1113: Vladimir Monomakh Grand Prince of Kiev.
  • c1120: Rise of Almohads in Morocco.
  • 1125: Vladimir Monomakh died. His death would see the end of the golden age of Kiev.
  • 1145–1147: Almohads overthrew Almoravid, breaking up Muslim Iberia. 2nd Taifa period in Spain.
  • 1147: 2nd Crusade; first recorded mention of Moscow in history on the Moskva river.
  • 1169: Saladin sultan of Egypt.
  • 1172: Almohads dominant in Andalus.
  • 1176: Friedrich Barbarossa acknowledged superiority of Papacy at Venice.
  • c1185: The Lay of Igor's Campaign composed. This would be Russia's first national epic.
  • 1180–1185: Outbreak of Gempei War. Japanese monarchy weakened and Kamakura shogunate established.
  • 1189: Third Crusade.
  • 1198–1216: See of Innocent III. Friedrich II Hohenstaufen, who was then aged 4, became his ward.

13th centuryEdit

  • c1200: Rise of Islamic Mandenka kingdom in present-day Mali.
  • 1202: 4th Crusade diverted to Constantinople.
  • 1204: Latin occupation of Constantinople: Byzantine empire temporarily sundered.
  • 1206: Temüjin united the Mongols and accepted the name of Genghis Khan.
  • 1212: Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa: Christian forces defeated the Almohads.
  • 1214: Genghis Khan took Beijing.
  • 1223: Russo-Cuman army smashed by Mongols at Battle of the Kalka.
  • 1226: Death of St Francis Assisi, founder of the Franciscan monastic order.
  • 1227: Death of Genghis Khan. Mongol Empire inherited by Ugedey Khan.
  • 1227–30: Collapse of Almohad authority.
  • 1228 So-called "6th Crusade" — Jerusalem ceded by Al-Kamil of Egypt to Friedrich II Hohenstaufen for 10 years.
  • 1236–48: All Andalus except Granada fell to Christians.
  • 1237–40: Batu Khan conquered Russia.
  • 1240: Mongols razed Kiev. in that same year however, Alexander, Prince of Novgorod, crushed Swedes at the Battle of the Neva, earning himself the epithet Alexander Nevsky.
  • 1241 Mongol defeats of Polish forces at Legnica and Silesia.
  • 1242: Battle of Lake Peipus — Russians under Alexander Nevsky broke a Teutonic Knight incursion.
  • 1250: Friedrich II Hohenstaufen died, causing an interregnum; Marinid dynasty dominant at Fez.
  • 1251: Mongke Khan Great Khan; Kublai Khan Mongol governor of China.
  • 1258: Hulagu sacked Baghdad, ushering the decline of the Islamic world.
  • 1260: Kublai Khan Great Khan.
  • 1261: Greeks retook Constantinople from Latins.
  • 1263: Death of Alexander Nevsky, he left Moscow to his youngest son Daniel.
  • 1273: Rudolf Habsburg elected emperor. Emergence of the Swiss nation.
  • 1280: Kublai Khan founded Yuan dynasty.
  • 1292: Kublai Khan died.
  • 1293: Robert Bacon, the prophet of experimental science, died.
  • 1299-1358: Marinids at war with Ziyarids of Algeria.

14th centuryEdit

  • 1324: War of Saint-Sardos in Gascony deprived English crown of inheritance in France, thus sparking off the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1337–40: French navy raided southern England before being destroyed at Battle of Sluys.
  • 1348: The Great Plague.
  • 1360: Chinese people rebelled against Mongols, establishing Zhu Yuanzhang as their Emperor eight years later.
  • 1377: Gregory IX returned back to Rome.
  • 1378: Great Schism: Urban VI in Rome; Clement VII in Avignon.